Sorry for the late response – hard to keep up with the day job…
The issue here is an incorrectly set up OpenGL driver for your VMware VM:
For some reason, Mesa (the main framework for graphics support on Linux) can’t load your driver. This could be simply because it’s out of date compared to your kernel (maybe you ran an update recently, but failed to also update the driver to match? I don’t use VMWare, so I’m not sure what the expected process is here).
The weird thing is it then failed to load the fallback software rendering driver:
That suggests there’s a problem with your installation of mesa. It may be fixed simply by running a full update on your system (presumably sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade), but that depends entirely on how mesa and the VMWare driver were installed in the first place. If they were installed via some third-party repository, explicitly through downloaded packages, or even build from source, then you would need to use whatever is the appropriate channel to update it.
Unfortunately, fixing these kinds of hardware/driver issues is beyond the scope of this forum… I suspect your best bet would be to ask on the VMWare forums, they would be much better placed to give you appropriate advice.